Sunday, April 15, 2012

KTN GMAT 15 Mts Verbal TEST 1. Pl complete this test in 15 mts, 1. The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads. A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been 2. According to one expert, the cause of genetic irregularities in many breeds of dog is not so much that dogs are being bred for looks or to meet other narrow criteria as that the breeds have relatively few founding members. A. the cause of genetic irregularities in many breeds of dog is not so much that dogs are being bred for looks or to meet other narrow criteria B. the cause of genetic irregularities in many breeds of dog is not as much their being bred for looks or meeting other narrow criteria as much C. it is not so much the cause of genetic irregularities in many breeds of dog that they are being bred for looks or meeting other narrow criteria as much D. it is not so much the cause of genetic irregularities in many breeds of dog is their being bred for looks or meeting other narrow criteria so much E. it is not so much the cause of genetic irregularities in many breeds of dog to be bred for looks or to meet other narrow criteria Q3 Insect infestations in certain cotton-growing regions of the world have caused dramatic increases in the price of cotton on the world market. By contrast, the price of soybeans has long remained stable. Knowing that cotton plants mature quickly, many soybean growers in Ortovia plan to cease growing soybeans, the price of which has long been stable and to begin raising cotton instead, thereby taking advantage of the high price of cotton to increase their income significantly over the next several years. Which of the following, if true, most calls into question the reasoning on which the plan is based? A. The cost of raising soybeans has increased significantly over the past several years and is expected to continue to climb. B. Tests of a newly developed, inexpensive pesticide have shown it to be both environmentally safe and effective against the insects that have infected the cotton crops. C. In the past several years, there has been no sharp increase in the demand for cotton, and for goods made out of cotton. D. Many consumers consider cotton cloth a necessity rather than a luxury and would be willing to pay significantly higher prices for cotton goods than they are currently paying E. The species of insect that has infested the cotton plants has never been known to infest soybean plants Q4. Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply. Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation? A. In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold. B. In 1994 two new outlets that rent but that do not sell videos opened in Centerville. C. Most of the video rental outlets in Centerville rent videos at a discount on certain nights of the week. D. People often buy videos of movies that they have previously seen in a theater. E. People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends. 5. Greatly influenced by the Protestent missionary Samuel Kirkland, the Oneida was the only one of the five-nation Iroquois League who sided with the colonists during the American Revolution. A. was the only one of the five-nation Iroquois League who sided B. was alone of the five-nation Iroquois League when they sided C. alone among the five-nation Iroquois League sided D. were the only ones out of the five nations of Iroquois League in siding E. only of the five-nation Iroquois League had sided Q6. Although fullerenes - spherical molecules made entirely of carbon - were first found in the laboratory, they have since been found in nature, formed in fissures of the rare mineral shungite. Since laboratory synthesis of fullerenes requires distinctive conditions of temperature and pressure, this discovery should give geologists a test case for evaluating hypothesis about the state of the Earth's crust at the time these naturally occurring fullerenes were formed. Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument? A. Confirming that the shungite genuinely contained fullerenes took careful experimentation B. Some fullerenes have also been found on the remains of a small meteorite that collided with a spacecraft. C.The mineral shungite itself contains large amounts of carbon, from which the fullerenes apparently formed. D. The naturally occurring fullerenes are arranged in a previously unknown crystalline structure E. Shungite itself is formed only under distinctive conditions. 7. Although the turtle has been toothless for more than 150 million years, in some contemporary turtle species the moderately sharp and jagged edges of their horny jaws function for teeth. A. their horny jaws function for teeth B. its horny jaws function for teeth C. its horny jaws function as do teeth D the horny jaws function as teeth do E the horny jaws function as teeth Question 8 to 10 are based the following passage Most large corporations in the United States were once run by individual capitalists who owned enough stock to dominate the board of directors and dictate company policy. Because putting such large amounts of (5) stock on the market would only depress its value, they could not sell out for a quick profit and instead had to concentrate on improving the long-term productivity of their companies. Today, with few exceptions, the stock of large United States corporations is held by large (10) institutions-pension funds, for example-and because these institutions are prohibited by antitrust laws from owning a majority of a company's stock and from actively influencing a company's decision-making, they can enhance their wealth only by buying and selling (15) stock in anticipation of fluctuations in its value. A minority shareholder is necessarily a short term trader. As a result, United States productivity is unlikely to improve unless shareholders and the managers of the companies in which they invest are encouraged to (20) enhance long-term productivity (and hence long-term profitability), rather than simply to maximize short term profits. Since the return of the old-style capitalist is unlikely, today's short-term traders must be remade into (25) tomorrow's long-term capitalistic investors. The legal limits that now prevent financial institutions from acquiring a dominant shareholding position in a corporation should be removed, and such institutions encouraged to take a more active role in the operations of the (30) companies in which they invest. In addition, any institution that holds twenty percent or more of a company's stock should be forced to give the public one day's notice of the intent to sell those shares. Unless the announced sale could be explained to the public on (35) grounds other than anticipated future losses, the value of the stock would plummet and, like the old-time capitalists, major investors could cut their losses only by helping to restore their companies' productivity. Such measures would force financial institutions to become (40) capitalists whose success depends not on trading shares at the propitious moment, but on increasing the productivity of the companies in which they invest. 8 In the passage the author is primarily concerned with doing which of the following? (A) Comparing two different approaches to a problem (B) Describing a problem and proposing a solution (C) Defending an established method (D) Presenting data and drawing conclusions from the data (E) Comparing two different analyses of a current situation 9. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following is true of majority shareholders in a corporation? (A) They make the corporation's operational management decisions. (B) They are not allowed to own more than fifty percent of the corporation's stock. (C) They cannot make quick profits by selling their stock in the corporation. (D) They are more interested in profits than in productivity. (E) They cannot sell any of their stock in the corporation without giving the public advance notice. 10 According to the passage, the purpose of the requirement suggested in lines 30-33 would be which of the following? (A) To encourage institutional stockholders to sell stock that they believe will decrease in value (B) To discourage institutional stockholders from intervening in the operation of a company whose stock they own (C) To discourage short-term profit-taking by institutional stockholders (D) To encourage a company's employees to take an active role in the ownership of stock in the company (E) To encourage investors to diversify their stock holdings

2 Comments:

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